Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Solution For GOP Primaries To Prevent Future Disastrous Nominee

Some Republicans are wondering how we got to this point where Donald Trump, many think the least electable of all the candidates, has become the GOP presumptive nominee. 

With so many legitimate viable candidates in the early states, close to double digits in many of the states, Donald Trump was winning almost all of those early primaries with less than 40% of those voting in the primaries.  Check out this Tales post from March 3, 2016: "How Super Tuesday Proves the Trump Ceiling".

So, because of the perception fueled on by Trump winning state after state, even though a big majority of Republican voters were actually voting for someone other than Trump, many of the viable candidates, like Marco Rubio dropped out.  

Then, when you got to the winner take all states, Trump was winning those with under 50% of the vote [except for NY], but was receiving all of the delegates.  So, that put Trump way ahead in states won and a plurality of delegates and, with the help of the MSM who wanted the weakest GOP nominee for Hillary Clinton and the Fox News Channel that was in the tank for Trump, the perception was fueled even further that Trump was "the people's choice".   That then became a train that couldn't be stopped and he became the presumptive nominee when he won Indiana. 

So, now unless a miracle happens at the Republican Convention in Cleveland we are stuck with the most unfavorable candidate in the history of polling as our [GOP] nominee.

So, how can we possibly avoid this situation in the future when you have so many viable candidates competing for the nomination that an unfavorable, un-presidential 'with the general electorate' candidate, could emerge as the nominee by winning the early primaries [and gaining momentum] with only a plurality of the vote?  

Solution:  We don't have any winner take all, or winner take most delegates primaries.  Every single state's delegates will be awarded proportionally, determined by the percentage of vote a candidate receives.  So, if a candidate wins 35% of the vote he receives 35% of the delegates and if a candidate receives 10% of the vote, he receives 10% of the delegates.  First what that would do in a field with many legitimate candidates is keep many of them in longer during the primary season as they would be receiving delegates in every state and they realize no candidate would go to the convention as the presumptive nominee because almost assuredly no candidate would receive a majority of the delegates needed to win the nomination.  

In this last primary season, for example, there is no way Marco Rubio would have dropped out of the race after losing Florida because he would have still been in the top 3 of delegate winners and he would have realized the convention would have been wide open after the first ballot.  Donald Trump would have gone into the convention with the most delegates but no where near the majority plus one to win the nomination.  Then after the first ballot the delegates would, in my humble opinion, not choose such an unfavorable person as our GOP nominee.  The convention at that point would have been wide open.  

Remember this was an unusual year with so many candidates and the situation may not happen again, so it would still be possible in a field of 3 or 4 viable candidates that a presumptive nominee does emerge, even in this all proportional system I have proposed.  

This could have been the face of the Republican Party
                                       instead we get this: 

Using this guy's own words: "who could vote for this face?"

Monday, June 27, 2016

Delegates Unbound Ad

I, for one, am praying a miracle happens in Cleveland in July at the Republican National Convention that will bring the Republican Party back to its senses from a disastrous Trump nomination that would almost surely give the nation a Hillary Clinton presidency with a Democrat senate.  For the good of the country I do not want to see that happen.  

So, when I saw this ad on TV from a group called Delegates Unbound I gained renewed hope that not everyone is just giving up resigned to a certain Donald Trump nomination.  

From their web site Delegates Unbound they state that they are "not-for-profit working to bring long term reform to the Republican Party. Our primary focus is on educating delegates that they are unbound and free to vote as they see fit on all matters before the Republican National Convention, including whomever they wish to be the Republican nominee for President"

Ad from Delegates Unbound:

There has already been one miracle in Cleveland this year as the Cavaliers ended a half of century of pro sports futility in that city by making an historical comeback from a 3-1 deficit in the finals to beat the heavily favored Warriors.  So I say, let's go for two Cleveland!   You made Cleveland proud, now it is time to make the country proud by doing the right thing at the Republican Convention.

If Great Britain can do it, why not Cleveland. #Delegatexit       Free the GOP delegates!

Saturday, June 25, 2016

The Sonata Form Used In Classical Music

There are a couple of definitions of "sonata" as it is applied to classical music.  From the Tales post, The Dual Personalities Of A Sonata:  "Literally, the word sonata means a piece played as opposed to a cantata-a piece sung.  Sonatas in classical music are are written for an instrument like a piano [piano sonata] or instruments [which may involve piano accompaniment].  For example, a violin sonata involves one violin and one piano-so, it sometimes is labeled as a "violin sonata" or a "sonata for violin and piano".  So, you may say a piece labeled a sonata is a song for an instrument/s  to "sing". 

But there is also another definition of the word sonata as it is used in classical music:  a  defined structure [i.e., form] that is used in the composition of many classical music pieces.  I believe that the great classical composer Franz Joseph "Papa" Haydn had much to do with the development of this form in composition of music.  This structure or form that a composer uses to write the movement of a piece is not just used for sonatas, as you might think.  It is also used in many large orchestral works, symphonies and concerti.  Sonata is not the only form that a composer can use to compose the movement in a piece.  There are many different forms that can be used for composition like rondos, theme and variations, trios, etc.  Usually, but not always, when the movement of a classical music piece isn't designated by another name, the structure will be that of the sonata form.

Franz Joseph Haydn [1732-1809] helped develop the sonata form of composition in classical music
The sonata form consists of three different parts.  Like a book or a speech that has a beginning, middle and end, so does a classical movement in the sonata form.  The three parts are called exposition, development and recapitulation.  

1. Exposition is the start of the movement, with a major theme introduced.  This will define the character of the movement or piece of music. 

2. After the exposition comes the development.  This could be considered like the middle of the movement. This does not mean necessarily developing the first theme, but rather developing the flavor of the movement itself.  As the exposition defines the character of the movement, you could consider the development adding to it.  A new theme may or may not be introduced in the development. 

3. The final part of the sonata form is recapitulation.  This means that the movement will return to the opening of the exposition.  It will sound like the movement is starting all over again. 

So, I like to say in a piece or movement of music using the sonata form [structure] you will hear a beginning, then a middle, and then back to the beginning. 

Here are some examples of classical music using the sonata form:  

The first piece is the second movement, larghetto, of Mozart's Clarinet Quintet in A-Major in sonata form with the exposition lasts almost 2 minutes with the development from 1:59-3:30 and the recapitulation goes from 3:31-6:03.

From the first movement Allegro of Franz Schubert's Symphony #5 you have the sonata form with the exposition from around :08-3:46 and then a short development from 3:47-4:38 with the recapitulation beginning at the 4:39 mark to the end at 6:44.   

The allegro final movement of Beethoven's 7th symphony is in sonata form with the exposition lasting about the first 2 minutes, then the development will last until about the 3:40 mark with the recapitulation and ending climax beginning around 3:45 - 7:04. 

And the final example is one of my favorite pieces, Felix Mendelssohn's famous violin concerto in E-minor.  Two things to note about this video.  Because it is a concerto it will also contain a cadenza that will occur between the end of the development and leading into the recapitulation.  Also, the video will sound strange at the end as it sounds like it wants to continue to play; that is because there is no break between the first and second movements and this is the first movement.  The sonata form of this first movement will have the exposition for about the first 3 minutes with the development around 3:07-7:35, then a cadenza performed by the soloist Julia Fischer in this video from 7:38-9:13 leading into the recapitulation beginning at 9:15.

Please turn up the volume and enjoy some great music and see if you can tell the sonata form of exposition, development and recapitulation in these pieces. 

W.A. Mozart: Clarinet Quintet in A-Major, Movement 2, Larghetto 

Franz Schubert: Symphony #5 in B-Flat Major, movement 1 Allegro:

L.V. Beethoven: Symphony #7 in A Major, Movement 4, Allegro con brio:

Felix Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E-minor, Movement 1, Allegro molto appasionato:

Friday, June 24, 2016

Bravo! Baltimore Judge Barry Williams

You had an obvious rush to judgement by Maryland prosecutor, Marilyn Mosby, using her power of the weight of the state aimed at convicting Officer Caesar Goodson of second degree depraved murder in the Freddie Gray case.  You had echoes of cries from some of the citizens "no justice no peace", resulting in riots that shamefully befell the city earlier in the year.  And with all that, and with his very freedom at stake, Officer Goodson waived his chance at a jury trial and put his fate in the hands of Baltimore Judge Barry Williams. 

Baltimore, Maryland Circuit Ct. Judge Barry Williams
With the whole nation watching and the pressure that I am certain must have come from the Maryland prosecutor's office for a conviction [especially after she had already lost 2 of the previous cases against those of the 6 officers she had charged in "crimes" against Freddie Gray] Judge Williams came out with his fair, reasoned ruling finding Officer Goodson not guilty on all the charges against him. 
Officer Caesar Goodson acquitted of all charges brought against him in a rush to judgement by the Maryland prosecutor
This from the June 23, 2016, Baltimore Sun "Goodson, 46, was acquitted Thursday by Judge Barry Williams on all charges in connection with the arrest and death of Freddie Gray.  He faced the most serious charges of any of the six officers indicted in Gray's arrest and death last April, including second-degree depraved heart murder. Goodson also was acquitted of three counts of manslaughter, second-degree assault, reckless endangerment and misconduct in office."

In his opinion, Judge Williams gave a scathing denunciation of the prosecutions flimsy [non-existent] case, saying the charges against the officer lacked the evidence.  

This also from the Baltimore Sun"Prosecutors alleged Goodson deliberately threw the shackled but unrestrained Gray around the back of the van by giving him a "rough ride." Williams said the state lacked evidence and was asking him to make assumptions.  "As the trier of fact, the court can't simply let things speak for themselves," Williams said.  ...  Williams called "rough ride" an "inflammatory term" that is "not to be taken lightly," and said the state had failed to prove such a ride was given to Gray.
"In order to show a rough ride, there must be evidence," Williams said."

I say Bravo to Circuit Ct. Judge Barry Williams on delivering justice in this case.  May God Bless him.

As for the prosecutor in this case, Marilyn Mosby, I say shame on her for what is turning out [as the trials are proving] to be an incredible rush to judgement without the requisite evidence in her effort [her own words] to bring justice for Freddie Gray because she heard the calls [of those shouting on the streets] of "no justice, no peace."

If prosecutor Marilyn Mosby really wants to honor those calls for justice, there is one way she can deliver some justice immediately.  By resigning her position as the State's Attorney for Baltimore Maryland.