Saturday, October 13, 2018

Bravo Concerto!

For those of you who have never had the privilege to go to a classical concert with your local symphony orchestra [or one closest to your residence], I would recommend going when one of the pieces on the program is a concerto.  A concerto is a piece with the symphony orchestra and a soloist who stands or sits in the front, closest to the audience.  So, a piano concerto would have a pianist in front of the orchestra.  A violin concerto would have a solo violinist standing in front of the orchestra.  There are also double and triple concertos which would involve more than one soloist, and they would be in the front of the orchestra facing each other.  For example, in Beethoven's great triple concerto there is a violinist, cellist and pianist as the three solo players in front of the orchestra.

Beethoven's Triple Concerto for violin, cello and piano
A concerto, literally means contest or competition. There will be no winners or losers in this contest but you will at times have the orchestra taking the lead, and at other times the soloist will take charge.  Most of the time, though, the soloist and orchestra work together to make some exciting music.  It is wonderful to hear the play between the orchestra and soloist.  It is also fun to watch the conductor, while conducting for the entire orchestra, making eye contact with the soloist to make sure they are on the same page.

The concertos are somewhat like symphonies, with the addition of a soloist with the orchestra.  But while a classical symphony usually has 4 movements, a classical concerto will almost always have 3 movements [usually in the form of fast, slow, fast].  Also, in a concerto something that you will have that you will not have in a symphony is the cadenza.  A cadenza is when the entire orchestra will put their instruments in non-playing position, and the soloist performs by himself a virtuoso passage that is meant to show off the soloist great virtuosity.

One more thing you will notice about the concerto is that for the most part [but not always] the soloist will play the piece by memory, without the music.  That is in a solo concerto.  For double and triple concertos, I think because of tradition, most of the time the solo players will have the written music before them. 

Without further ado, here are examples [one movement] of the concerto for different instruments:  Rachmaninoff's thrilling, dramatic and extremely virtuosic piano concerto #3; Dvorak's epic cello concerto; Tchaikovsky's great and exciting violin concerto; and Hummel's electric trumpet concerto.

Please turn up the volume and enjoy these great concerti.

Sergei Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto #3 in D-minor, Movement 1, Allegro ma non tanto:

Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Trumpet Concerto in E-Major, Movement 3, Allegro:

Antonin Dvorak:  Cello Concerto in B-minor, movement 3, Allegro Moderato-Andante-Allegro Vivo:

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Violin concerto in D-Major, Movement 1, Allegro Moderato:

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto in D-Major, Movement 3, Allegro Vivacissimo:

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