|Antonin Dvorak [Sept. 8, 1841-May 1, 1904]|
This popular symphony was composed in 1893 while he was visiting America and was the director of the New York Conservatory. Dvorak was very interested in and influenced by the old "Negro spirituals" and Native American melodies. This ninth symphony, commissioned by the New York Philharmonic, is filled with melodies Dvorak studied from those original spirituals and melodies. Yes this European gave a great melodic story of this beloved "New World" with his wonderful ninth symphony. When I first heard the first movement of this symphony it was actually like listening to a beautiful story. A story from America, told in melodies instead of words.
From the Wikipedia on Dvorak's 9th symphony: " In 1893, a newspaper interview quoted Dvořák as saying "I found that the music of the Negroes [sic] and of the Indians was practically identical", and that "the music of the two races bore a remarkable similarity to the music of Scotland". Most historians agree that Dvořák is referring to the pentatonic scale, which is typical of each of these musical traditions."
Dvorak, it is reported, stated: "I am convinced that the future music of this country must be founded on what are called Negro melodies. These can be the foundation of a serious and original school of composition, to be developed in the United States. These beautiful and varied themes are the product of the soil. They are the folk songs of America and your composers must turn to them."
On a personal note, I first remember hearing the beginning of this final movement played many years ago on the broadcast every night of the Bobby Fischer/Boris Spasky chess championship they had on PBS. At that time I knew nothing of classical music, but I knew I loved that exciting music and had to find out where it came from. Many years later when I finally became deeply interested in classical music I found out it came from the great Antonin Dvorak and his Symphony "From The New World."
This very popular symphony is in E-minor with four movements: 1.Adagio - Allegro 2. Largo 3. Scherzo 4. Allegro con fuoco.
Please turn up the volume and enjoy this great Bohemian's musical description from the New Word. The beautiful second movement begins at 10:45, the third movement scherzo begins at 23:32 and then with the slightest of breaks, the very exciting final movement begins at 32:08 [with it's anticipated buildup of a boisterous climax that has a sudden surprising soft ending].
Antonin Dvorak: Symphony # 9 in E-minor, "From The New World":