Monday, April 28, 2014

Holocaust Remembrance Day and the Days of Remembrance

Holocaust Remembrance Day, Yom HaShoah, beginning at sundown April 27, 2014, was established in Israel.

From the website Hebcal:  "Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day", known colloquially in Israel and abroad as Yom HaShoah (יום השואה) and in English as Holocaust Remembrance Day, or Holocaust Day, is observed as Israel's day of commemoration for the approximately six million Jews and five million others who perished in the Holocaust as a result of the actions carried out by Nazi Germany and its accessories, and for the Jewish resistance in that period. In Israel, it is a national memorial day and public holiday.

From Haaretz: "The first Holocaust Remembrance Day took place on December 28th, 1949, a year-and-a-half after Israel's independence. The ashes and bones of thousands of Jews were brought over from the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp near Munich. They were placed in a crypt, together with decorated Torah scrolls, in a Jerusalem cemetery".  "The following year, in December 1950, some 70 ceremonies were held around the country". 

"But in March 1951, the Knesset decided to take an active role, and set about choosing a new date for Holocaust Remembrance Day." 

"In April the Knesset approved the 27th of Nissan, a week after Passover. It remains the date until today."

From YNet News: "Israel to mark remembrance day in ceremonies across the country, accompanied by a two-minute siren and ceremonies at the Yad Vashem Holocaust museum in Jerusalem."

"The Holocaust Remembrance Day opening ceremony will take place Sunday at 8 pm at theWarsaw Ghetto Square in the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem. The ceremony will be broadcast live and President Shimom Peres and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will be in attendance.

On Monday morning, a two-minute siren will be sounded at 10 am, and immediately after that, a wreath-laying ceremony will commence at the Warsaw Ghetto Square in Yad Vashem. At 10:30 am the reading names of the Holocaust victims will begin."
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  In the United States, the Days of Remembrance were established around Israel's Holocaust Remembrance Day.

The United States Congress established the Days of Remembrance as our nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust and created the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as a permanent living memorial to the victims.

This from Wikipedia:
"The Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH) is an annual 8-day period designated by the United States Congress for civic commemorations and special educational programs that help citizens remember and draw lessons from the Holocaust.

The annual DRVH period normally begins on the Sunday before the Jewish observance of Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Memorial Day, and continues through the following Sunday, usually in April or May.  A National Civic Commemoration is held in Washington, D.C., with state, city, and local ceremonies and programs held in most of the fifty states, and on U.S. military ships and stations around the world. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum designates a theme for each year's programs, and provides materials to help support remembrance efforts."
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Let us remember and honor the victims of the Holocaust forever.

At the same time we will always remember, we must never forget.


5 comments:

Connie Bach said...

Thank you for sharing great info Mike. When I lived in Munich, I couldn't visit the Dachau concentration camp. I knew it would be too gut wrenching experience but I did visit a place where Ann Frank wrote her diary in Amsterdam. Having read her diary as a child, and visit to her place as a grown up was an experience to remember.

Anonymous said...

Michael, thank you for posting this article so we will continue to reflect on why we must NEVER forget!
Last evening we lit a memorial candle and said Kaddish for those who perished as a result of the Holocaust.
CGW

Big Mike said...

Thanks Connie for those heartfelt words. God bless!

Big Mike said...

Thanks Carla!

Connie Bach said...

My pleasure Mike!